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Knife Knowledge
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                             . Knife Safety

    The safe use of knives is imperative for obvious reasons. There are only a few rules to remember, but they are crucial:

 1. A sharp knife is a safe knife.

    Using a dull knife is an invitation to disaster. If you try to force a dull knife through the surface of a food product, it’s more likely to slip and cause an injury. Also: if you do happen to cut yourself, a sharp knife will result in an easier wound to attend to.

 2. Never, ever grab a falling knife.

    The best way to avoid having to think about this rule is to make sure your knife is always completely on your work surface, without the handle sticking out into traffic areas. Inevitably, however, it will happen from time to time that you or someone else will bump a knife handle, resulting in a falling knife. We all have a natural instinct to grab for anything that’s falling. You must overcome this inclination. Remember: a falling knife has no handle. Just get your hands and feet out of the way.


 3. Use the right knife for the right job.

    Many knife injuries occur when laziness induces us to use the knife at hand rather than the correct knife for a job. Place your knife inventory where it is easily accessible so you won’t be tempted to make this mistake.

 4. Always cut away from - never towards – yourself.

    Sometimes this is a hard rule to follow. Again, don’t be lazy! If the angle is wrong, turn the product around. Or turn your cutting board around. By the way - if your cutting board doesn’t have rubber feet, you should place it atop a damp kitchen towel to make sure it doesn’t move while you’re cutting.


 5. When you have a knife in hand, keep your eyes on the blade.

    I was taught this rule early on in culinary school. I have to admit that every single time I have cut myself, I was looking away from what I was doing. This rule stands whether you are cutting something or carrying a knife. The simple fact is: you’re unlikely to cut yourself if you’re watching the blade, especially the tip.


 6.Carry a knife properly.

    If you’re carrying a knife through the kitchen, especially a busy commercial kitchen, there are often people hurrying everywhere. You must get used to the idea that the only way to walk with a knife in hand is to carry it pointed straight down, with the blade turned towards your thigh. Keep your arm rigid. You don’t want some busboy or family member going to the emergency room with a puncture wound from your knife.

 7.Never, ever put a knife in a sink full of water.

    In addition to soaking probably being bad for your knife handle, putting a knife in a sink full of (likely soapy) water is just asking for trouble. Wash your sharp knives by hand (not in a dishwasher!) and put them away immediately.  

               Ⅱ. CARE OF KNIVES

A good knife is an investment. With proper care it will last a lifetime.

 1.No metal is completely "stainless". Do not allow acidic foods (lemon, mustard, ketchup, etc.) to remain on the blade after use.

    This might cause some slight tarnishing. Should the blade show some signs of staining, use a non-abrasive metal polish for cleaning.

 2.Do not put knives in the dishwasher.

 

    Banging against other cutlery or pots and pans will nick the blades.

 

 3.Wipe the knife clean with a wet cloth and dishwashing detergent.

    Dry immediately. Dry from the back of the knife to the blade.

 4.Knives are ideally stored in a knife block; they may also be stored in an in-drawer knife tray.

    Try not to put a good knife in a drawer unless you have an in-drawer knife tray. When put in a drawer together with other cutlery, irreparable blade damage may result. This type of storage also results in higher incidence of injury.

 5.Do not abuse knives as screwdrivers or can openers.

    This is not their designed purpose and may result in bending or breaking the blade or edge of the knife.

 6.Wood handle knives will last if properly dried after each use.

 

    You occasionally apply mineral oil to the handle to help maintain the attractive finish. This will also help protect handle from moisture damage.